Madina munawara located on the west side of Saudi Arabia is the noble city of the messenger of Allah- Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him). Every Muslim dream to visit the places where the holy prophet peace be upon him have spent his time to rewind the beautiful memories of the noble place.
It is the second most religious city of Islam after Makkah and only Muslims are allowed to enter the spiritual town. Millions of Muslims visit Madina each year during their Hajj Or Umrah pilgrimage.
It may be only a common city for the world but for the Muslims, Madina and Makkah are the most beloved cities of the world
You would enter Madina with the smile on your face and exit the city with heavy tears in your eyes. It is the city that will make you feel like staying there forever.
The house of Sahaba(companion), the tomb of Muhammad (peace be upon him), the historical places of Islam, the secret pillars and spots of Al-Masjid an-Nabawi- everything cannot be found in other cities than Madina munawara
History Of Madina munawara
Madina was initially known as Yathrib. In the third century CE, Jews fled from Jerusalem to Yathrib (Madina) after the war among Jews and Romans. On the command of Allah (subhanahu wa ta’ala)When Sahaba and the Last Prophet of Islam (peace be upon him) migrated from Makkah to Madina after the torture of Mushrik-e-Makkah large number of Jewish was present around the city.
On his arrival, most of the Jewish denied to accept him as the last prophet of Islam because the prophet was chosen among Arabs.
The holy prophet (peace be upon him) was familiar with the city of Madina because his father Abdullah was buried in Madina. At the age of six Muhammad (peace be upon him) traveled from Madina to Makkah with his mother Amna. On his way back to the home his mother fell ill and died after a few days during the journey.
The prophet peace be upon his sent his companions around the world to spread Islam and About a year before the movement Mus’ab bin Umai (Radeyallāhu ′Anhu) was sent to Madina to guide the Ansar towards Islam and many Ansar converted to Islam with his guidance.
The Ansar gave a warm welcome to the prophet (peace be upon him). Everyone was trying their best to serve him. They had distributed their personal properties and many other valuable things to the companion of Muhammad (peace be upon him) to make the emigration easy for them.
With the grace of Allah, this city took the pain of Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) in the lap and provided them with great achievement with every struggle.
Al-Masjid an-Nabawi is the principal place that the vast majority visit on their outing to Madina. There are a lot additionally stunning spots that must be added to your rundown:
Uhud mountain located in the north of Madina is one of the most famous Islamic landmarks. This historical mountain is always occupied by a group of Muslims that visit the place out of their sheer love for the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him)According to a narration by Hadhrat Anas (may Allaah be pleased with him), the Prophet (peace be upon him) once said:
“Uhud is a mountain that loves us and we love it.”
Uhud Mountain and Masjid al-Uhud
There are many types of characters in this mountain. It is made of volcanic rocks. It has a sort of view of valleys and rocks and is based on authentic landmarks, for example, the inscriptions of mansions and rocks must date back hundreds of years and are the most tourist place
History of Uhud Mountain
Uhud is an Arabic word that drives the meaning “the one”. It is 1,077 m (3,533 ft) highIt is the place where the battle of Uhud took place between Muslims and Quraysh of Makkah in 3 AH (624 CE).
In the war, the prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) guided his fellows to remain in their position and wait for his command. Later the companions thought that Quraysh Makkah has run away and moved from their positions- misunderstanding the command to be only valid during the battle. This resulted in massive chaos and turned the initial victory to defeat.
Along other sahaba, Hamza (Radeyallāhu ′Anhu) – the lion of Allah was martyred in the battle of Uhud. The martyrs were buried near to the mountain of Uhud.This is not just a mountain but a true monument of Islam that have stored the story of tears, courage, sacrifice, devotion and heroism of Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) and his companions.
Masjid an-Nabawi- the house and the mosque of Holy Prophet Muhammad peace be upon him is a dream place of Muslims. Masjid an Nabawi was originally established by Prophet Muhammad peace be upon him.
It is the second holiest place in Islam after Masjid al-Haram in Mecca and the third mosque built in the history of Islam and now known as the largest mosque in the world.It was originally located adjacent to Hujra (room/house) Of Aisha (Razi Allah tala anha)- wife of Prophet Muhammad peace be upon him where he is buried now. After hijra (emigration) from Mecca to Madina, the Prophet Mohammed peace be upon him settled there.
The mosque served as a religious school, court and community centre. The original mosque is complete changes as It was renovated multiple times. It now incorporates Muhammad’s (peace be upon him) and the first two caliphs, the righteous Abu Bakr and the last resting place of Umar.Muslims who go to perform hajj, visit Masjid al Nabawi with great love to experience the connection of Masjid a Nabawi with Prophet Muhammad peace be upon him.
Masjid al Qiblatain
Masjid al Qiblatain front view
Masjid al Qiblatain also is known as “the mosque of two Qiblas” is located in Madina. The masjid is linked with the change of direction of Qibla from Masjid al-Aqsa to ka’bah in Makkah after the revelation of Quranic verse. This masjid is of high importance for the Muslims as the first prayer after the change of Qibla took place in Masjid al Qiblatain.The prophet Muhammad peace be upon him used to offer prayer in the direction of Baitul Muqaddas (masjid al-Aqsa) which was changed upon his request by Allah because he wanted a separate direction for the prayers as the Jews pray in the direction of Masjid al-Aqsa.
The verse was revealed during the prayer and the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) changed his direction immediately followed by his companions. It was a day of joy for Muslim and a day of mourning for the Jews.
Ghamama is an Arabic word which means clouds. Masjid al- Ghamama is named after the historical story of rain. The Clouds suddenly appeared and brought rain In Madina as the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) offered a special prayer for rain, called Salah al-Istiqaqah.
Masjid al Ghamama is also known as Masjid Eid, located about 300m south-west of Masjid al Nabawi. The reports suggest that Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) performed Eid Salah in Masjid al- Ghamama for the last four years of his life.
Janarul Baqi is translated to “garden of heaven”It is the graveyard where pious bodies of about ten thousand companion (sahaba and sahabiat) are buried. This includes the close family members of Prophet Muhammad peace be upon him.
As’ad Bin Zararah (Radeyallāhu ′Anhu was the first companion who buried in Jannatul baqi While Uthman bin Mazoun was the first Muhajirun (emigrants) that was buried in al-Baqi.Aisha (Radeyallāhu ′Anha) reported (that whenever it was her turn for the Prophet (ﷺ) to spend the night with her) he would go out towards the end of the night to al-Baqi and say:
“Peace be upon you, abode of a people who are believers. What you were promised would come to you tomorrow, you receiving it after some delay, and God willing we shall join you. O Allah, grant forgiveness to the inhabitants of Baqi al-Gharqad.” [Muslim]
Numbers of deaths occur in Madina per day. It is the rule of the city that whoever dies within the boundary of the pious town would be buried in Jannat al baqi.It is virtuous to visit Jannatul Baqi (preferably on a Friday) and supplicate to Allah (ﷻ) for all those buried in its noble earth.
Masjid al Quba
Masjid al Quba was built by Prophet Muhammad peace be upon him upon his arrival in Madina city after the emigration from Makkah.
Back then there was no advanced transportation like car, aeroplane or train. Muslims used to struggle hard to visit the house of Allah ( Masjid al-haram).
The Muslims of Madina was disheartened as they could not afford to go to Makkah for the pilgrimage. The prophet (peace be upon him) being the blessing of Allah for Muslims made their worries into joy by establishing Masjid al-Quba.
The Prophet (peace be upon him) said:
“He who purifies himself at his home and comes to Masjid Quba and offers two rakats therein will be rewarded the reward of an Umrah (lesser pilgrimage).” (Sunan ibn Majah)
Al-Tabarani quoted Al-Shimous Bint Al-Nuaman as saying,
“I saw the Prophet when he constructed this mosque. He used to carry stones and rocks on his back until it was bent. I also saw dust on his dress and belly. But when one of his companions would come to take the load off him, he would say no and ask the companion to go and carry a similar load instead.”